Flavours, Notes And Ingredients: A Crash Course In Beer Varieties


Crafting a classic brew requires high-quality ingredients and expert craftsmanship. Although the basic principle of brewing involves fermenting the sugars in starch to create alcohol, there are various ways to approach the process, resulting in an array of beer styles with distinct flavours. In this article, you will learn more about the factors that determine each beer style and explore the various ingredient options available to take your beer-making skills to the next level.

row of beer varieties


Lager, lager, lager

The most widely popular and available beer type lager is known for its easy drinking quality, light colour and clean, crisp flavour profile. The word lager comes from the German word for storage, as traditionally, lagers were stored in cool places. Today, we use lager to describe beer brewed and conditioned at cold temperatures with bottom-fermenting yeast (a yeast that ferments at the bottom of the brewing tank) but we have also seen evidence of performance at higher temperatures https://www.bintani.com.au/blog/2023/11/10/fermentislageryeastselection. All lagers are made from four core brewing ingredients: malted barley, hops, yeast, and water. For the best bottom-fermenting yeasts with a range of flavour notes and profiles, check out our range.


Good for what Ales ya

Ales are similar to lagers in that they contain the four basic beer brewing ingredients of: malted barley, hops, yeast, and water. Where they vary is that Ales are made with yeast that reacts at a higher temperature (and that ferments at the top of the brewing tank as opposed to a lager, which is a bottom fermenting brew). This change in the brewing process from a lager means ales tend to have a more robust flavour with fruity tones and more aroma. You can even go one step further and add your own flavourings to create unique ales and highlight the fruity aromatic characteristics. Get the best top-fermenting yeast for your ales and choose from a wide range of flavour profiles.


Wet white wheat beers

Like an ale, a wheat beer is a top-fermented beer. To be considered a wheat beer it must have a higher portion of wheat than malt. Hailing from Bavaria, wheat beers can come in various styles and flavours yet tend to be lighter in colour and have a low to moderate alcohol content. Flavour and colours can be created with the yeasts and wheat varieties added to the brewing process. Check out our full range of yeasts, including the new SafAle W-68™ and SafAle™ BW-20, and wheat ingredients to find the perfect way to create your unique wheat beer.


IPA: it’s all in the hops

It feels like more and more new IPA varieties are hitting the shelves every week. India or Indian Pale Ale has a few competing origin stories. The legend says that IPA was created when British colonists were trying to find a suitable beer that could be transported over long, choppy waters to the British colonies in India. Adding more hops was the way to make this happen. An IPA is a beer with a high hop content and fruity, earthy aromas. IPA has a somewhat bitter taste due to the added hops. For a full range of hops, you can add to your IPA, check out our website. We have hops with flavour profiles from red fruit, candy and citrus to mojito lime and grapefruit as well as yeasts like SafAle™ K-97 to assist with your biotransformation and haze needs; find the right hops for your next IPA.


Tall dark, and handsome: Stout

Malt is the crucial ingredient in making a good stout. Stouts are famous for their dark, rich colour and deep flavour, which is the result of roasting barley and malt while keeping the hop content relatively low. The brewing process and ingredients used in stouts generally produce higher alcohol content. The malts you choose for your stout can add deep, rich flavours like chocolate, coffee, cinnamon, ginger or nutty notes but innovative products like our Belgomalt Gingerbread Cookie Infusion Malt can add even more depth and complexity to flavour. See our full range of malts to find the right notes for your stout.


We enjoy exploring different types of beer and discovering the unique flavours and additions that brewers of all levels create for their new brews. If you need any information about our products that can enhance your beer-making experience or if you have any questions about what ingredients you should add to achieve a particular flavour or brew, we have an expert technical sales team with experience in brewing who can guide you to creating the perfect brew. 


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